Wine has been a central theme of poetry for more than a thousand years

Wine is an alcoholic beverage often made of fermented grape juice. The natural chemical balance of grapes is such that they can ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes or other nutrients. Wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast which consume the sugars found in the grapes and convert them into alcohol. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts are used depending on the types of wine being produced.

Wine has a rich history dating back to around 6000 BC. Wine probably appeared in Europe at about 4500 BC and was very common in ancient Macedonia, Thrace and Rome. Wine has also played an important role in religion throughout history. The god Dionysos and the Roman equivalent Bacchus represented wine.